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macdex:asip-6-guide

AppleShare IP 6 Guide

Introduction

Preamble

This guide is a how-to on setting up AppleShare IP (Hereafter: “ASIP”) 6 to provide local and internet services.

This guide refers very heavily to decisions made and conventions used by vtools, but several of the presumptions I use here may not be suitable for your scenario.

Background Information

AppleShare IP is Apple's LAN and Internet server software during the late 1990s. It succeeds plain AppleShare, which was exclusively LAN software.

The primary functionality you can get from AppleShare IP is:

  • File (AppleShare, SMB/CIFS, FTP)
  • Print
  • Web
  • Email

On top of this, you can think of AppleShare IP as having directory and identity services.

There are a few other utilities, but they aren't likely

Why

A big question here is why you would do this?

If you've gotten this far, you understand that ASIP is network server software with a few different core functions, and that it's focused primarily on services for old Macs, but there is some era-appropriate cross-platform functionality.

You are probably aware of projects such as A2Server and techniques such as loading Netatalk2 on a Linux system.

So, why would you do this instead of that?

In short, the best reason to use ASIP is either because you have an abundance of vintage Mac hardware or because you want to achieve a specific aesthetic, and have an authentic 1998 file server experience.

A Note About Security

Hardware

AppleShare IP 6.3.3, the terminating version, requires Mac OS 9.1, and will, as such, run on almost any extant PowerPC Mac.

The datasheet says it requires 80 megabytes of RAM and works on 601, 604, 604e/ev and G3/G4 processors. I don't see why it wouldn't run on something with a 603 in it, but most Macs with 603s in them weren't build particularly well for being file servers.

AppleShare IP 6.3.3 Datasheet

The datasheet also says you need 250 megabytes of disk space to install the software. I wouldn't recommend running a server on anything less than 1-gigabyte disk.

Mac OS 9 supports 2TB volumes, and PCI PowerMacs can use SIL3112 SATA cards. The most ideal configuration would be a small disk or partition for boot (you could put mail on this volume as well, if you were running it) and then larger volumes for other data. More discussion about how to organize data is below in the disk layout and the file server and shares sections.

Accounts

Administrative/Owner account

The first account you create on the machine, using either Mac OS's setup wizard, or ASIP's own setup wizard, is the owner account. This is the all-seeing administrator of the account, and it is the user you are operating as when you sit at the server.

When this account connects to the server with FTP and AppleShare, it sees the disks in the machine, not the user-facing share points.

I recommend using a non-person name for this account. You could call it “servername-admin” or “srvadm” or “admin” or “serverowner” or something similar. If you were sure nobody else was going to assist in administration, you could call it [initials]-admin or something, to indicate it's your admin account.

It is possible for this account to have email services, but I don't, strictly speaking, recommend it.

This is more important if you put the machine on the Internet and similarly relatively important if you share the machine with other people.

Disk Layout

File Services and Shares

macdex/asip-6-guide.txt · Last modified: 2020/09/07 17:09 by coryw